Danish German Immigrants to Grimm, Russia

In 1759, King Frederick V of Denmark invited Germans from the southern tier of what is now Germany to settle of the Schleswig-Holstein area which, at that time, belonged to Denmark. That area was a swampy spit of land between the two countries, land which the Danes had little luck making arable. The economic conditions in southern and southwestern Germany had long suffered the ravages of war and famine, on top of which residents were still subjected to high taxes and burdensome tithing. Residents were good farmers and hard workers, but they had poor prospects for the future. They were simply looking for a chance to provide for their families and better their lives. More than 4000 Germans immigrated to Denmark between 1759 and 1765.

Once they arrived, the realities of converting marshy swamp land into fertile farmland hit them; it was a job that would eventually prove to be a failure. Germans were barely able to sustain their own families, let alone supply Denmark with an additional source for food. They became disillusioned, and many returned to their homeland. While Germans in Denmark were struggling in inhospitable Schleswig-Holstein, Empress of Russia Catherine the Great issued her manifesto which was designed to lure Germans to immigrate to Russia to help settle equally inhospitable land near the Volga river. Since conditions in their homelands had not yet significantly improved, many Germans who immigrated to Denmark decided to immigrate once again, this time to Russia, rather than go back to their home villages in the southern German states.

Fifty-eight of those families went to the Colony of Grimm, which was officially setted on 01 July 1767 as a Lutheran colony on the Bergsite of the Volga River. Click on the individual’s name to read more about each settler.

  1.  Adler, Johann Wendel
  2.  Busch, Balthasar
  3.  Busch, Johann
  4.  Dumler, Georg
  5.  Dumler, Philip
  6.  Eberhard, Adam
  7.  Eberhard, Georg
  8.  Engelhard, Catharina Elisabeth
  9.  Engelhardt, Philip
  10.  Fritzler, Franziska
  11.  Fritzler, Jacob
  12.  Fritzler, Johann Martin
  13.  Fritzler, Michael (1)
  14.  Fritzler, Michael (2)
  15.  Glaser, Nicolaus
  16.  Gula/Hula, Matthias (Huwa)
  17.  Jäger, Anthon
  18.  Kaiser, Eva Maria, born Reisig
  19.  Kaiser, Ludwig
  20.  Kaiser/Keiser/Meisner, Margaretha, born Kaltenberger
  21.  Kaltenberger, Michael
  22.  Kleibner, Jacob
  23.  Klentz/Glantz, Samuel
  24.  Kober, Michael
  25.  Kohler, Johannes
  26.  Krug, Johann Georg
  27.  Legler, Karl
  28.  Linde/Linden, Heinrich
  29.  Lontsinger, Matthias Wilhelm
  30.  Meer/Meyer, Johannes
  31.  Meniner/Meisner, Johann Heinrich
  32.  Meniner/Meininger/Meisner, Georg
  33.  Pikus, Margaretha, born Thiel, formerly Fritz
  34.  Romikh/Ramig, Georg Michael
  35.  Romikh/Ramig, Johann Valentin
  36.  Salzmann, Johann
  37.  Schäfer, Jacob
  38.  Schäfer, Caspar
  39.  Schäfer, Johann Georg
  40.  Schmal, Johann Georg
  41.  Schmidt, Michael
  42.  Schneider/Meisner, Christina, born Trauenfelder
  43.  Schuppe, Wilhelm
  44.  Schwemmer, David
  45.  Seifert, Johann Christian
  46.  Seinger/Sekinger, Johann Michael
  47.  Stehli, Johann Michael
  48.  Stoll, Johann Georg
  49.  Tiede/Schmann, Anna Catharina, born Romig/Ramig
  50.  Trott, Philip Moretz (Laurentz)
  51.  Tule, Gottfried
  52.  Vogel, Catharina Salome, born Maier/Major
  53.  Vogel, Wilhelm
  54.  Wetel/Wetzel, Johannes
  55.  Wittmann, Martin
  56.  Wolf, Anna Katharina, born Romig/Ramig
  57.  Wolf, Bernhard
  58.  Wolf, Jacob


Source:  Eichhorn, Alexander, Dr., and Dr. Jacob and Mary Eichhorn. The Immigration of German Colonists to Denmark and Their Subsequent Emigration to Russia in the Years 1759-1766, Druck and Bindung: Druckerei and Verlap Steinmeier GmbH & Co. KG, 86738, Deiningen, Germany; Published 2012; pages 672-674.

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